MMD850 Microwave AM detector

Detects AM wave of 2 to 8GHz in 30dB dynamic range.

Microwave AM detector MMD850 performs AM detection of signal of 2 to 8GHz (available for 1 to 15GHz range as special order) in 30dB dynamic range. It may be used for evaluation of W-CDMA, CDMA, GSM, PDC, PHS, wireless LAN, Bluetooth and wireless communication equipment including evaluation of ETC signals.


Faults of coaxial type AM detector

Coaxial type AM detector has two disadvantages in the application indicated below : The first is that the dynamic range is narrow. The curve is non-linear when the input is more than +5dBm or less than -10dBm as shown below. Therefore, the workable range is only +15dBm. It is provided, however, that when the peak level of input is less than +5dB, -6dBm for instance, the dynamic range is even narrower and drops to 4dB. Narrow dynamic range means that the waveform is collapsed.


Coaxial type AM detector in / out characteristics

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The second is video output frequency band. The equivalent circuit of coaxial type AM detector (Rv = 1.5kohm, Co = 30pF) of a certain manufacturer is shown below. The case where observation is performed with this AM detector connected to an oscilloscope (RL = 1Mohm, CL2 = 25pF) using 1 meter coaxial cable (CL1 = 100pF) is taken into account.
Tr = 0.35 / fb = 2.2RvRL (Co + CL1 + CL2) / (Rv + RL)
Therefore, rising time Tr = 511 [ns] and frequency band fb = 685 [kHz]. It is learnt that the band is lower than what was imagined.

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Coaxial type AM detector equivalent circuit

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Explanation of MMD850

The block diagram of microwave AM detector MMD850 is shown below. When a microwave amplifier and linearizer are added to it, 30dB dynamic range is secured against signals of peak level more than -6dBm and up, and in addition, 10MHz bandwidth is secured without being affected by the load.

MMD850 block diagram

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Against signals of peak level more than -6dBm, it is possible to observe signals without spoiling the dynamic range when fixed attenuator is located to the input. If three attenuators of 3dB, 6dB and 12dB are prepared, for example, it is possible to perform observation in at least 27dB dynamic range, against signals of peak level -6dBm to +15dBm. Furthermore, due to the fact that the output impedance of the liberalize is 50ohm, it is possible to perform observation without being affected by the load, when the output is terminated with 50ohm.
Input signals and detected output waveforms are indicated below. Example 1 is the case where continuous wave or FM wave of -6dBm is input. +1V DC voltage is produced as the detected output. Example 2 is the case where ASK signals of peak level -6dBm and bottom level -36dBm (modulation factor 94%) is input. A waveform of peak level +1V and bottom level +31.6mV is output.

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Input signal and detected output waveform


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Specifications
Input characteristics
Input frequency range 2 to 8GHz
*Available for 1 to 15GHz range as special order
Optimum input level -6dBm @ peak level
 Dynamic range 30dB @ -6dBm input
VSWR less than 1.4
 Input damage level +13dBm
Output characteristics
Output frequency range DC to 10MHz @ -3dBm
Output voltage +1.0V @ 50ohm load and -6dBm input
 Polarity positive polarity 50ohm
Output impedance 90 to 132VAC, 50 / 60Hz
General
Power source 320 (W) 56 (H) 350 (D) mm (excluding projections)
Dimensions Operation manual (1pc), Fuse (1pc), Power cable (1pc)
Standard accessories

 

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